Steroids are not a new invention and have been around since the middle of the 20th century. Originally, the steroids were created to help with medical problems, including blood disorders and growth problems. However, they have now become extremely popular for many sportsmen and for bodybuilders.
Before steroids were invented, pure testosterone was used all the way back to Ancient Greece and the original Olympic Games. This is the hormone that all steroids are based on and it helps with the building of muscle along with many other benefits. It was then in 1849 that Arnold Adolph Berthold started looking into the male testicles to find out more about their importance. It was through this that the understanding of how testosterone was produced and why it was needed.
However, it was not until 1931 that the hormone was understood in great detail and the links were made to see how it could help with health problems. It was during this time that the first testosterone injections were created. These injections were used as the basis to create the first steroid, Dianabol which is also known as Dbol. By 1958, that drug was approved by the FDA and it became popular with many weightlifters, especially those who were entering the Olympics; this made it possible for the American athletes to become just as good as the Soviet ones.
From this, more research was done into the drugs and other steroids were created. Other countries also looked into the creation of the steroids and they become extremely popular by the 1980s. They were also proven to help with other medical conditions and were available on prescription. However, in 1967, the use of steroids were banned by the International Olympic Council and many other sporting bodies followed.
In 1972, sportsmen started to be drug tested before competing in the Olympic games and it lead to the realization that even though the drugs were banned, they were still being used. The testing was done by measuring the amounts of testosterone in the blood and urine. That was measured against the epitestosterone levels in each athlete and a ratio was used to determine whether the testosterone levels were normal or drugs have been used.
However, Germany created a steroid to combat the Olympic test and it was not until the 1990s that they were caught. Many of the scandals surrounding steroid use hit the international papers; just one was of Ben Johnson losing his gold medal for the use of steroids. From here on, it became an FDA law that only those that were prescribed were legal.
1988 saw the steroids being made illegal in many countries and they were placed in one of the highest drug categories. It was now only legal to possess the steroids if they were prescribed for personal use. The steroids were placed in the same category as amphetamines and morphine. This is the view in many countries and they can only be prescribed for medical reasons and not to aid with the building of muscle.